England's Golden Age began when Elizabeth I was crowned queen in 1558. Hans Holbein (the Younger) painted "The Ambassadors," "Regiomontanus," and "On Triangles" in 1533. Artistic works of this period include Botticelli's "Primavera" (1480), Michelangelo Buonarroti's relief "Battles of the Centaurs" (1492) and painting "La Pieta" (1500), and Leonardo da Vinci's "Last Supper" (1498). De Agostini / A. Dagli Orti / Getty Images. In 1446, Bruneschelli died, and in 1450, Francesco Sforza became the fourth Duke Milan and founded the powerful Sforza dynasty. Work on St. Peter's Basilica in Rome was begun in 1509. Humanism and renewed interest in ancient Greece and ancient Rome inspired writers, architects, musicians, and artists to emerge from the Middle Ages into a … Modern historians continue to look further and further into the past to understand its origins. In 1527, forces of the Holy Roman Emperor Charles V sacked Rome, preventing Henry the VIII's annulment of his marriage to Catherine of Aragon. Scott Michael Rank, Ph.D., is the editor of History on the Net and host of the History Unplugged podcast. Edmund Spenser published "The Faerie Queen" in 1590, in 1603, William Shakespeare wrote "Hamlet," and Miguel Cervantes' "Don Quixote" was published in 1605. The Renaissance was a cultural, scholarly, and socio-political movement which stressed the rediscovery and application of texts and thought from classical antiquity. Charles V took power in Spain in 1516, and in 1530, he became Holy Roman Emperor, the last emperor to be so crowned. Henry VIII came to power in England in 1509 and Francis I succeeded to the French Throne in 1515. The French went on to conquer Milan in 1499, facilitating the flow of Renaissance art and philosophy into France. All rights reserved. Vesalius Anagrams Anagrams of words related to Vesalius. In 1503, Julius II was appointed pope, bringing in the start of the Roman Golden Age. In 1503, Julius II was appointed pope, bringing in the start of the Roman Golden Age. Map out the various civilizations on the timeline below by shading in one row for . Religious wars continued: the Battle of Lepanto, part of the Ottoman-Habsburg Wars, was fought in 1571, and the St. Bartholomew's Day Massacre of Protestants took place in France in 1572. Purchase through these links helps to keep this educational website online and free. Printmaker Albrecht Dürer visited Italy for the second time between 1505 and 1508, residing in Venice where he produced a number of paintings for the emigrant German community. The humanist Desiderius Erasmus wrote "Praise of Folly" in 1511, "De Copia" in 1512, and "New Testament," the first modern and critical version of the Greek New Testament, in 1516. In 1544, the Italian monk Matteo Bandello published a collection of tales known as "Novelle.". Sixtus IV was appointed Pope in 1471, continuing the major building projects in Rome, including the Sistine Chapel. He is the author of the History in an Afternoon textbook series. It brought new discoveries in science; new art forms in writing, painting, and sculpture; and state-funded explorations of distant lands. The beginning of the 15th century (probably 1403) saw Leonardo Bruni offer his Panegyric to the City of Florence, describing a city where freedom of speech, self-government, and equality reigned.
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